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Idealism: A) Idealism is the view that there are external things, but they are not directly recognizable. B) Idealism is a name for a philosophical direction that arose at the end of the 18th century, to which inter alia belonged the philosophers I. Kant, J.G. Fichte, G.W.F. Hegel, and F.W.J. Schelling.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Talcott Parsons on Idealism - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 374
Idealism/Parsons/HabermasVsParsons/Habermas: there is a hidden idealism in Parson's system functionalism: this can already be seen in the structure of the cultural system. Instead of Max Weber's tripartite division into cognitive patterns of interpretation, moral-practical patterns of value and aesthetic-expressive patterns of expression, a fourth division is now required: constitutive symbolism, in other words religion. In Parson's late philosophy, the general system of action is reified as the "telic system".
Habermas IV 377
Parsons emphasizes the talk of a telic system presupposes the belief in a sphere of ultimate reality.
Habermas IV 378
Method/HabermasVsParsons: Parsons takes the general action system as the starting point for a reflexively turned view of the system of the basic human constitution. However, the theorist thus loses a position independent of this subsystem. He cannot break out from the perspective of the action system. The theory becomes self-referential on the anthropological level. For this, Parsons has the model of Kant's critique of recognition in mind. (1).

1.T. Parsons, Action Theory and Human Condition, NY 1978, S. 367f.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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