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Idealism: A) Idealism is the view that there are external things, but they are not directly recognizable. B) Idealism is a name for a philosophical direction that arose at the end of the 18th century, to which inter alia belonged the philosophers I. Kant, J.G. Fichte, G.W.F. Hegel, and F.W.J. Schelling.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Talcott Parsons on Idealism - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 374
Idealism/Parsons/HabermasVsParsons/Habermas: there is a hidden idealism in Parson's system functionalism: this can already be seen in the structure of the cultural system. Instead of Max Weber's tripartite division into cognitive patterns of interpretation, moral-practical patterns of value and aesthetic-expressive patterns of expression, a fourth division is now required: constitutive symbolism, in other words religion. In Parson's late philosophy, the general system of action is reified as the "telic system".
Habermas IV 377
Parsons emphasizes the talk of a telic system presupposes the belief in a sphere of ultimate reality.
Habermas IV 378
Method/HabermasVsParsons: Parsons takes the general action system as the starting point for a reflexively turned view of the system of the basic human constitution. However, the theorist thus loses a position independent of this subsystem. He cannot break out from the perspective of the action system. The theory becomes self-referential on the anthropological level. For this, Parsons has the model of Kant's critique of recognition in mind. (1).


1.T. Parsons, Action Theory and Human Condition, NY 1978, S. 367f.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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