|Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science.|
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Empiricism/EmpiricismVsRealism/Hume/Millikan: revolutionary in Hume was that nothing should be in the mind, which had not previously been in the senses. Thus the previous distinction between perception and thought coincided.
Problem: the problem is now no longer how we should construct the temporal from the eternal,...
...but how we should construct durable objects from momentary objects.
(Hume/(s) thesis: an object exists only in a moment and later again it exists new).
This led to forms of nominalism and phenomenalism.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987