|Deception, philosophy: A deception is an idea that diverges from what would have been expected by the way in which this idea was caused, when the expectation or expectability is based on past experience or shared experiences and expectations of a community of subjects. See also error, causal theory of knowledge, reliability theory, knowledge, certainty, objectivity, intersubjectivity._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Frank I 687
Deception/Descartes/Burge: Descartes points to a causal gap between the world and effects.
Different external causes can produce the same effects.
Descartes: the causes differ from what we think about them.
Individualism: wants to conclude that our thoughts about the world are wrong.
BurgeVsIndividualism: but we know what thoughts we have, even if they are false.
I.e. we also know in counterfactual situations which thoughts we have. (Twin Earth).
Anti-individualism thesis in counterfactual situations, however, we have different thoughts than in the current situation (twin earth).
According to Descartes, anti-individualism must therefore be wrong.
Tyler Burge (1988a): Individualism and Self-Knowledge, in: The Journal of
Philosophy 85 (1988), 649-663_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Origins of Objectivity Oxford 2010
"Two Kinds of Consciousness"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994