|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Aristotle on Language - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 436
Language/Aristotle/Gadamer: Aristotle criticizes Speusipp's doctrine of the common as well as Plato's dihairetic dialectic from his ideal of proof: As far as science sets up the compelling of proof as ideal, it must go beyond such procedures. Cf. >Analogies/Speusippus.
But the consequence of this measurement against the logical ideal of proof is that Aristotelian criticism has robbed the logical performance of language of its scientific legitimacy. It now only finds recognition under the aspect of rhetoric, where it is understood as the art medium of metaphor.
Categorization: It is the logical ideal of the superordination and subordination of concepts that now dominates the living metaphorics of language, on which all natural concept formation is based. For only a grammar directed towards logic will distinguish the actual meaning of the word from its transferred meaning. What originally forms the basis of the life of language and constitutes its logical productivity - the ingenious and inventive finding of commonalities through which things are ordered - is now pushed to the margin as the metaphor and instrumentalized to a rhetorical figure. >Meaning/Ancient Philosophy._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977