Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Signs: signs are recognizable and definable forms that an observer can assign to two domains. The first domain is the repertoire of available forms that allows a distinction of similarity and dissimilarity within this domain, the second domain is a set of objects which also distinguishes between similarity and dissimilarity between these objects as well as distinguishing the objects of the second domain from the forms of the first domain. There are no signs without observation or interpretation. See also language, words, symbols, icons, systems, image, image theory, pictures, assignment.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 112 ff (Summary)
Sign/Laws of Nature/LoN: There is no sign for the law of gravity! Phenomena are only clues!.
Sign/E.g. Black Clouds: there must be a true inductive generalization, probability.
Sign/Armstrong: it is not necessary for a sign to act as a sign. There are signs that no one can read, and signs that are read by no one!.
Designated: like the sign always a particulate fact. There is no sign for the general! (I.e. neither for the validity of laws of nature!).
Vs: there are counter-E.g. against this simple definition of sign, however:
Signs/Indications: E.g. a certain disease is almost always fatal. You would not say, however, that the disease is a sign of death.
Sign: Never cause! - But: E.g. black clouds: here it is not quite correct. But still, the fact that the clouds are black has nothing to do with the induction of rain! Those features of the sign due to which the thing in question is designated by the sign are not causally responsible.
Also with irregularity (error, deception - irony disregarded here) a statement is still a sign. A sign can say different things in different contexts anyway. E.g. in a very specific meteorological situation, black clouds could also be signs for something other than rain.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong

Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983

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> Counter arguments against Armstrong

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-20