|Höffe I 53
Plato/Aristotle/Höffe: [Aristotle] rejects Plato's theory of ideas and criticizes his political thinking, partly explicitly, partly tacitly.
Polis/AristoteleVsPlato: [Aristotle turns against] every only functional determination of the polis.
Philosopher rule/AristotleVsPlato: In contrast to Plato's Politeia, the poets remain autonomous, as well as the economy, and politics anyway.
Society: Aristotle thus already advocated an idea that sociological systems theory believes to be established only after the dissolution of the so-called old European society: a relative independence of different areas of society.
AristotleVsEqual rights: On the other hand, Aristotle does not adopt Plato's emancipatory element, the equality of women.
Similarities with Plato:
State: Also Aristotle [obligates] the state to happiness and determines the good constitution from the common good; thus he too represents a political Eudaimonism.
Aristocracy: [Aristotle, like Plato] also thinks aristocratically, of course, because the citizens in the narrower sense, those who possess civic virtue, are relieved of work for a living.
Idiopragy: He also takes up Plato's idiopragy formula: that everyone should do what is proper to him, his own (idion). Cf. >Justice/Plato._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016