|Causes: whether something is a physical cause of something depends on the separation of two objects or processes that are to be identified as cause and effect, as well as the transmission of energy. Whether this relationship comes about is therefore contingent. From a linguistic point of view, the relationship between cause and effect is a necessary relation since the concept of the cause is applied only to something which has an effect. See also de re, de dicto, necessity, contingency, causality, effect._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Armstrong II 58
Cause/effect/Hume: necessary connection - Place: but conceptually, logically necessary. - Place: (and all the others): causes have their effects contingent. (S), i.e. that afterwards (a posteriori, empirically) is determined what the cause was. One cause cannot be conceptually something else than a cause of effect.
Hume II 245F
Cause/causality/Hume: logically anything can be any cause of something. - Therefore, the necessity that we need for causality, must be empirically! - Deleuze: causality is necessary for Hume's psychological examinations of non-rational causes of assumptions.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983