|Circumstances, philosophy: the concept of circumstances is relevant in the context of observations which are intended to confirm or disprove a hypothesis within an assumed theory. What belongs to the relevant circumstances is determined by the theory. See also situations, states, conditions, theories, ceteris paribus, experiments, observation, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, relevance, significance._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Circumstances/conditions: Are there really circumstances under which Hesperus would not have been Phosphorus? E.g. Suppose someone comes along, and he names two different stars that way. That could even happen if the same conditions prevail as when both names were introduced by us. But are they conditions under which Hesperus is not Phosphorus or would not have been Phosphorus? That does not seem to be the case._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984