|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Language/Brandom: linguistic skills consist of reliable disposition to respond differently to stimuli - more is not necessary.
You cannot describe a language coherently in which expressions are used demonstratively, but not pronominally. (vice versa it is possible).
Language/Infinite/Brandom: if there are correct and incorrect uses of phrases that are formed for the first time, there must be some kind of extrapolation - Substitution: if two sentences are substitutional variants, then they are applications of the same function.
Language/Richness/Expressiveness/Brandom: if the language is expressively rich, there must be no asymetrical SMSICs for substitutable expressions (singular terms). This would mean that (Vs): for every sentential frame Pa, whenever the interence from Pt to Pt" is correct, but not vice versa, there was a sentence frame P"a in a way that the inference from P"t" to P"t was correct, but not vice versa! It would be impossible to codify inferences in such a language.
Language/Brandom: There are not so many words - the language would be poor if they all had the same meaning in the mouths of different speakers - speakers who do not accept the same definition cannot assign every assertion de dicto - E.g. "that scoundrel"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making it exlicit. Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment, Cambridge/MA 1994
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Articulating reasons. An Introduction to Inferentialism, Cambridge/MA 2001
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001