|Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Semantics/Sellars: functionalist semantics versus reference theory. (Like Wittgenstein). (VsTheory of reference).
Semantic Truth Theories: Question: is there something specifically linguistic about truth?
Semantic Theory of Truth: in semantic truth theories there are no expressions like "that p" or "it is true that p". According to Max Black the key is in the peculiarity of Carnap’s explication of statements of the form:
Expression A (in L) means x.
This means that you must specify a list: E.g. W word (in English), X: either W = "and" and x = and
or W = "white" and x = white
or W = "or", and x = or ....... ad infinitum._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999