|Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.|
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|Nagel I 196
Robert Nozick: evolution-theoretical explanation of human reason. (Naturalistized epistemology). Suggests a reversal of the Kantian depending on the facts of reason.
"Reason is a dependent variable which is formed by the facts".
Nagel I 199
NagelVsNozick: I must be able to believe that the evolutionary explanation is compatible with the proposition that I proceed according to the rules of logic, because they are right - and not only because I am biologically programmed to this behavior. (This also applies to mathematics).
The only form that rational thinking can take, is the insight into the validity of arguments based on what they say!
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991