Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Nagel I 196
Robert Nozick: evolution-theoretical explanation of human reason. (Naturalistized epistemology). Suggests a reversal of the Kantian depending on the facts of reason.
  "Reason is a dependent variable which is formed by the facts".
Nagel I 199
NagelVsNozick: I must be able to believe that the evolutionary explanation is compatible with the proposition that I proceed according to the rules of logic, because they are right - and not only because I am biologically programmed to this behavior. (This also applies to mathematics).
  The only form that rational thinking can take, is the insight into the validity of arguments based on what they say!


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

No I
R. Nozick
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981

No II
R., Nozick
The Nature of Rationality 1994

N I
Th. Nagel
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

N II
Th. Nagel
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

N III
Th. Nagel
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-18