|Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Rationality/Nagel: key feature is its universality. - Def rational thinking: being systematic to the extent that the one who looks over my shoulder recognizes it as correct. - I 21 we have to assume responsibility and say at the same time that the new standards are not only our individual ones.
Rationality: both the existence and the non-existence of the ratio cause problems! In order to be rational we must assume responsibility for our own thoughts and deny at the same time that they are merely manifestations of our own position.
If we think rationally, it is usually not deductive, but empirical, moral and, in the broader sense, practical considerations
Rationality/Nagel: Ratio is not an abstraction of contingent psychic phenomena -
Confidence in reason may be accompanied by quite strong doubts concerning the results._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982