Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Paradoxes: are contradictions within formally correct statements or sets of statements that lead to an existence assumption, which initially seemed plausible, to be withdrawn. Paradoxes are not errors, but challenges that may lead to a re-formulation of the prerequisites and assumptions, or to a change in the language, the subject domain, and the logical system. See also Russellian paradox, contradictions, range, consistency.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 223
Self-reference / Paradox / Vollmer: there are many self-references that do not lead to the antinomies or contradictions: - e.g. I tell the truth - e.g. the catalog that lists all catalogs that list themselves. - e.g. the set of all sets that contain themselves as an element. - In contrast, problem: e.g. no rule without exception - e.g. there is no (not even hypothetical) knowledge - e.g. all general propositions are false - e.g. a claim that is only likely is probably wrong. - Solution: these statements are meaningless or wrong - they do not refute epistemology.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Vo I
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988

Vo II
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-26