Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Nominalism: nominalism is the view that universals (for example, triangles, blackness) are merely artificial constructions from individual cases. The linguistic expressions are merely names for these constructs. See also universalism, conceptualism, general terms, categories, generalization, generality.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 118
Even though my system only speaks of individuals and excludes classes, it can perceive arbitrary as an individual. The nominalistic prohibition is directed against the uncontrolled proliferation of entities on any selected individuals basis, but leaves the choice of the basis completely open. It thus allows alternative versions.
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I 119
While the doctrine of physicalists: "No difference without physical difference" and the doctrine of the nominalists: "No difference without distinction of individuals", sound the same, they differ significantly.
(VsPhysicalism: only allows one basis but which is not clear at all.)
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A propos III 76
Nominalism/Goodman: places great importance on the etiquette: a nominalist order. What reverence one may have before classes, classes are not moved from sphere to sphere, and attributes are certainly not abstracted from some objects and injected into another.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

G I
N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

G II
N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

G III
N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

G IV
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22