Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Categories: categories are basic concepts for classifying the objects of a knowledge domain into different groups or hierarchies. In philosophy, the category systems of different authors can differ considerably. Concepts which are not suitable for classifying are transcendentals, e.g. the concept of similarity. However, these concepts are again applicable to categorized objects.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
I 13ff
Category Confusion/Ryle: counting elements in the same category as the set:
I 35 f
Reasonable Actions: not origin but design distinguished - conscious act: not two actions - Physical/Mental: two descriptions of the same
I 37/38
Habit of talking loudly is not loud itself
I 46
Feeling "in the head": I do not feel the rolling of the ship in the head, but in the legs
I 49
Ability: not reciting rules, but applying them - not event word but modal word - disposition, no second action beside the first
I 162f
Law - Error/Ryle: confusing hypothetical generalizations with categorical individual judgments - E.g. ticket entitles to a ride, it is not the ride itself - laws authority to inference, not the inference itself - (facts: stations)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ry I
G. Ryle
Der Begriff des Geistes Stuttgart 1969

> Counter arguments against Ryle
> Counter arguments in relation to Categories

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-25