|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness.|
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Explanation/behavior/Peacocke: assuming, the spatial relations of a subject determine its settings - problem: then we could explain the behavior solely from the accepted beliefs of the subject without mentioning the spatial relations.
Tight explanation/Peacocke: E.g. someone has only the terms "there is an F", "there are two Fs", "There are three Fs" and "the Fs are numerically equivalent to the Gs". - Then operations with higher numbers are explainable with these few terms. - E.g. He actually arranges 20 pebbles and pieces of gold one to one. - Then there is no difference in his intentional actions without one which is formulated with its few terms. - Problem: such an unstructured ability would then be necessary and a priori. "Numerically equivalent"/numerical equality: can be treated as an unstructured operator of 2nd order.
Explanation/Peacocke/Nozick: must rely on the nature of the object, not on the manner of givenness. - ((S) intension: is virtually equated with appearance- "nature" with "real object".)
Action explanation/Peacocke: by properties of objects - explanation of thoughts: by specific markings - better: by the object itself.
Action explanation/Peacocke: in the case of properties no specific object is meant: E.g. "red lamp", not "John's favorite color" - demonstrative: specific object, descriptively: can also be another object.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983