Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Stephen Schiffer on Properties - Dictionary of Arguments

I 144
Properties/existence/Schiffer: a) names: are (correctly) distinguished from objects - an object is named contingently - different from that: Properties are not equally distinguished from the predicate - otherwise: "Property Realism": predicates as the names of the properties (SchifferVs) - yet harmless: "something that both believe" - solution: substitutional quantification - similar: harmless pleonastic use of "fact".
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I 145
Physical property and facts/Schiffer: thesis: these are language-dependent - But nominalism (Schiffer pro): Properties are not the semantic values of predicates.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25
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