Dictionary of Arguments

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Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Habermas IV 311
Method/explanation/sociology/theory of action/Parsons/Habermas: Problem: if purposes and values in orders are already related to existing interests, institutionalized action can be understood as a process of realizing values under factual conditions. In this way, action and order could be correlated. However, Parsons isolates these two levels of analysis from each other. This exacerbates the construction problem. See Theory of Action/Parsons.
Habermas IV 330
HabermasVsParsons: in connection with a theory of communicative action, the attempt to separate "material" from "immaterial" patterns of value increases the confusion.
HabermasVsSubject Philosophy/HabermasVsEpistemology: the subject of epistemology directed at objects is a wrong model in its approach.
Solution/Habermas: a model of communication-oriented action that can be used for studying how culture, society and
Habermas IV 331
personality cooperate in the determination of action orientations. See Background/Habermas.
Habermas IV 337
Method/HabermasVsParsons: when the pattern-variables (see Terminology/Parsons) describe a structural core common to several components (e.g. society, culture, personality), they cannot serve simultaneously to clarify the specific developments of these components on action orientations.
Problem: there is no counterpart to the communication mechanism.
Habermas IV 351
HabermasVsParsons: Parsons must make action connections suddenly understandable as systems without becoming aware of the change of attitude with which the concept of the action system is methodically first created through the objectification of the lifeworld. Therefore, he focuses on the theoretical introduction of the system concept.
Solution/Parsons: he simply gives basic conceptual priority to system theory.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-05-23
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