Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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The author or concept searched is found in the following 1 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Method Feyerabend Feyerabend Thesis: the theory of Galileo (as well as other deficient theories) does not only correspond to the facts, but is also perfectly reasonable. Any attempt to implement some of the more familiar methodologies of the twentieth century, such as the Trial and Error method, would have had catastrophic consequences!
I 270
Methodology/Method/Feyerabend: Observations that do not match are rightly regarded as indications of errors in the theories and not in methodology. This changes when the disturbances become overwhelming and surround every observation. (Feyerabend: "cosmological criticism", is preferable here). (VsLakatos).
I 271/272
FeyerabendVsMethodology: (VsLakatos): it does not help to rationally reconstruct the dispute between the old and the new. At any rate, not at the time of the dispute. The methodology misses the tricks with which Galileo worked propagandistically. (...) (I 281) E.g. Research Programs/Feyerabend: Comparison between Einstein and Lorentz. Einstein's program begins to degenerate, while that of Lorentz advances. (+ ...)
I 283
Research Programs/Feyerabend: The consistency of the speed of light arises from Lorentz' program as a random fact, and is therefore closer to the general theory of relativity than Einstein's program, where the consistency is a fundamental law. And his heuristics are at least as convincing as those of Einstein, for any law that follows from a research program can, of course, be used in its heuristics. The choice of research programs and competitors is quite arbitrary, and so are the judgments that are based on them.
 I 283
Speed of Light/Feyerabend: "E = mc²" was already deduced by Poincaré in 1900 without relativistic aspects.
I 376
Sciences/Feyerabend: they have no common structure. (Family similarity at most, Wittgenstein). Successful research does not obey general rules. ---

II 54
Tradition/Feyerabend: Thesis 1: Traditions are neither good nor bad

Thesis 2: A tradition obtains desirable or undesirable traits only if it is referred to another tradition. (When viewed as a participant of a tradition).
II 55
Relativism/Feyerabend: the theses 1 and 2 lead to a relativism of exactly the kind that Protagoras seems to have defended. (Man is what matters).
II 73
Scale/Feyerabend: the validity and usefulness of popular standards can only be determined by a research procedure that violates them.

Feyerabend I
Paul Feyerabend
Against Method. Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, London/New York 1971
German Edition:
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Feyerabend II
P. Feyerabend
Science in a Free Society, London/New York 1982
German Edition:
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979


The author or concept searched is found in the following controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Entry
Reference
Lakatos, I. Feyerabend Vs Lakatos, I. I 271
Methodology: observations that do not fit them, are rightly considered to indicate errors in the theories and not in the methodology. That changes when the disturbances abound and surround each observation. (Feyerabend: "cosmological criticism" is preferable here). (VsLakatos). FeyerabendVsMethodology: (VsLakatos): with it the dispute between the old and the new cannot be rationally reconstructed. At least not at the time of the dispute. Also, the tricks Galilei worked with for propaganda purposes escape the methodology.
I 284
FeyerabendVsLakatos: his case studies contain (A) a discussion of certain sociological regularities
(B) the proposal of arbitrary standards that have no methodological force
(C) the assumption that the regularities do not only lie in the facts, but are traits of reason.
I 286
FeyerabendVsLakatos: he has not demonstrated that his standards are those of science, and that they lead to important results. He disregards the ’external’ influences or distorts the history of science by the insinuation that progress does not require the observed deviations from its standards.
I 295
FeyerabendVsLakatos: In addition, the standards of Lakatos are not always applicable. They presuppose that relationships can always be established between sentences that originate in various research programs. But the content classes of alternative theories are often incomparable in the sense that none of the usual logical relations (inclusion, exclusion, overlap) can be established between them. Such incompatibility surely exists between myths and scientific theories. They are found again in the most advanced, most generic and therefore most mythological parts of the sciences themselves.
II 18
Lakatos: On the fact that today’s standards of rationality and logic are too tight and have hampered the progress of science. But requires research to have dynamic traits. FeyerabendVsLakatos: Just about any development matches this.
Hacking I 212
Lakatos: you should read all the texts you can ever get hold of. Hacking and FeyerabendVsLakatos: this is an elitist demand.  
FeyerabendVsLakatos: elitist. Rationality is simply defined by what is approved by a community. (Here, however, only of the last 200 years).

Feyerabend I
Paul Feyerabend
Against Method. Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, London/New York 1971
German Edition:
Wider den Methodenzwang Frankfurt 1997

Feyerabend II
P. Feyerabend
Science in a Free Society, London/New York 1982
German Edition:
Erkenntnis für freie Menschen Frankfurt 1979

Hacking I
I. Hacking
Representing and Intervening. Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science, Cambridge/New York/Oakleigh 1983
German Edition:
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996