Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Abstraction: Subsumption of objects by non-consideration of certain properties. See also equivalence relation, concretion, concreta, indiscernibility.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Karl Marx on Abstraction - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 494
Abstraction/Marx/Habermas: the 'abstract' work is neutral to the object of use, to the particular nature of the activity and to the working individual. Marx explains this real abstraction with the objectification of socially integrated contexts of action, which occurs when interactions are no longer coordinated via norms and values, or via processes and understanding, but via the medium of exchange value.
Then the actors are primarily interested in the consequences of their actions. By orienting themselves purpose rationally on 'values' (...) they adopt an objectifying attitude towards each other and towards themselves, transforming social and intrapsychic relationships into instrumental ones. In this respect, the transformation of concrete into abstract labour means a process of reification of communal and individual life.
, Labour Power/Marx, >Labour Power/Habermas.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Marx I
Karl Marx
Das Kapital, Kritik der politische Ökonomie Berlin 1957

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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