Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Truth, philosophy: a property of sentences, not a property of utterances because utterances are events. See also truth conditions, truth definition, truth functions, truth predicate, truth table, truth theory, truth value, correspondence theory, coherence theory. The most diverse approaches claim to define or explain truth, or to assert their fundamental indefinability. A. Linguistic-oriented theories presuppose either a match of statements with extracts of the world or a consistency with other statements. See also truth theory, truth definition, theory of meaning, correspondence theory, coherence theory, facts, circumstances, paradoxes, semantics, deflationism, disquotationalism, criteria, evidence. B. Action-oriented truth theories take a future realization of states as the standard, which should be reconciled with an aspired ideal. See also reality, correctness, pragmatism, idealization, ideas. C. Truth-oriented theories of art attribute qualities to works of art under certain circumstances which reveal the future realization of ideal assumed social conditions. See also emphatic truth, fiction, art, works of art.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Plato on Truth - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 415
Truth/Language/Word/Correctness/Plato/Gadamer: Problem: PlatoVsSophists: In misjudging [the] actual truth possibility of speech (which belongs to the essence of falsehood, pseudo, as a counter-possibility) its sophistic abuse arises (...). If the logos is understood as the representation of a thing (deloma), as its disclosure, without fundamentally distinguishing this truth function of speech from the meaningful character of the words, a possibility of confusion inherent to language is opened up. One can then think to have the thing in the word.
Gadamer I 416
Solution/Plato: (...) the truth of things [lies] in speech, i.e., however, lastly, in the meaning of a uniform opinion about things and not in the individual words - not even in the whole inventory of words of a language (...).
, >Language/Plato, >Correctness/Plato.
It is this misjudgment that enables Socrates to refute the objections of Cratylus, which are so pertinent to the truth of the word, i.e. its meaningfulness. He plays off the use of words against him, i.e. the speech, the logos with his ability to be true and false. The name, the word, seems to be true or false inasmuch as it is used true or false, i.e. it is assigned to the being right or wrong. Such attribution, however, is no longer that of the word, but is already a logos and can find its appropriate expression in such a logos. For example, to call someone "Socrates" assumes that this person is called Socrates.

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Bubner I 28
Truth/Plato: Reflections on the relationship between speaking and writing: Mediation: Truth can never coincide with the means of its representation.
Truth's constant task of seeking never assured possession (VsSophists).
Bubner: the dialogues are then to read what remains unspoken and hides behind irony, myth, dream, parable.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992

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