Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Hume on Empiricism - Dictionary of Arguments

I 12
Empiricism/Hume: empiricism forms the basis. Because human nature exceeds the mind, nothing exceeds the human nature in mind. Nothing is transcendental.
, >Transcendentals, >Mind, >Thinking, >Ideas, >Association.
The ideas are connected in the mind, but not through the mind.
I 101
Empiricism/Hume: empiricism must be determined at the problem of subjectivity.
I 104
Basic principle of empiricism/Hume: the basic principle of empiricism is the principle of difference.
>Principles/Hume, >Distinctions, >Dissimilarity, >Distinctions, >Distinctiveness.
I 136
Empiricism/Hume: because the relations are outside things (>atomism), empiricism is dualistic: duality between terms and relations.
Cf. >Observation/Maturana.
Contrary: a philosophy would be on the contrary if it comes from analytical (conceptual) truths.
>Analyticity, >Syntheticity.

Non-empiricist: a theory would be non-empiricist according to which the relations from nature result in things.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997

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> Counter arguments in relation to Empiricism

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