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Talcott Parsons on Religion - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 379
Religion/System Theory/Parsons/Habermas: Parsons makes cursory reference to the three Kantian critiques and understands them as attempts to reconstruct the transcendental conditions for the objectivation of external nature (under cognitive-instrumental aspects), for the constitution of the contexts of action (under moral-practical aspects) and for the non-objectivating handling of one's own inner nature (under aesthetic aspects). (1)
Religion/ParsonsVsKant: Religion can also be interpreted within the limits of reason if it is the hybrid result of an objectification of transcendental performances of order. That is not enough for Parsons. (2)
Habermas IV 380
The system of order performance must be reinterpreted into a system of supreme control values or final structures such that it can interact as a world of supra-empirical entities with other worlds.
HabermasVsParsons: As with Comte and the St. Simonists, Parsons, too, results in a powerless attempt to create a social theory substitute for the social integration functions of a religion whose substance has been attacked. (3)


1.T. Parsons, Action Theory and Human Condition, NY 1978, S. 370f.
2.Ebenda S. 371
3. A.W. Gouldner, The Coming Crisis of Sociology, NY, 1974; (German) Hamburg 1974, S. 300ff.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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