Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Deacon I 304ff
Syntagmatic/paradigmatic/Jakobson/Deacon: In 1956, Roman Jakobson assumed that the two distinct aspects of the syntagma and paradigm correspond to two types of brain damage, namely the syntagmatic component damage of the frontal lobe and paradigmatic damage to the posterior lobe (parietal lobe). (R. Jakobson, Two aspects of language and two types of aphasic disturbances. In R. Jakobson and M. Halle; eds. Fundamentals of Language, NY: Academic Press 1956). Since then, many studies on brain damage have shown that the assumption is correct.
Paradigmatic/Deacon: are e.g. replacement relations between words. These include metaphors, anaphora and pronouns. Words that have a paradigmatic relationship to each other do not appear together in speech, except in enumerations.
I 306
Syntagmatic: is the relation between words that influence each other in speech, such as nomina, verbs, adjectives or articles.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Jakobson I
Roman Jakobson
Fundamentals of Language 2011

Dea I
T. W. Deacon
The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of language and the Brain New York 1998

Dea II
Terrence W. Deacon
Incomplete Nature: How Mind Emerged from Matter New York 2013

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-09-29
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