Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Theology: in Greek ancient times originally a narrative about the Gods, later a more and more theoretical-scientific exploration of the divine. From the second century, theology becomes increasingly monotheistic. The concept of theology is not used in non-Christian religions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Baruch Spinoza on Theology - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 234
Theology/Spinoza/Höffe: As a (biblically immanent) interpretation of religious texts theology is responsible for faith, which in turn commits to obedience to God and to a piety determined by justice and charity.
Reason: Natural reason, on the other hand, depends on knowledge, which in turn is committed to eternal truth. One can also speak of a double obedience: there against the revealed God, here against the one natural truth. Because both duties of obedience are equal, but different, neither of them is at the service of the other. Neither must reason be abused as the handmaid of theology, nor faith as the handmaid of reason(1). >Reason/Spinoza.

1. Spinoza, Tractatus theologico-politicus, Chap. 1-15

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Spinoza I
B. Spinoza
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-08-05
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