|Purposes: purposes are imagined situations for the justification of actions which are intended to create these situations. See also goals, action, justification, means, cause, effect._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Höffe I 305
Purposes/Kant/Höffe: In its semantic meaning, the categorical imperative(1) is nothing else than the concept of morality, related to sensual beings of reason.
Mankind's Purpose: The much-cited formula of mankind's demands of purpose - for rational nature exists as an "end in itself": "Act in such a way that you need mankind [in the sense of the rational nature of humans] both in your person and in the person of every other person at any time simultaneously as an end, never merely as means"(2). To treat someone as a means to an end, the so-called instrumentalization, is thus not forbidden, but only its exclusivity is rejected. Instrumentalization is permitted as far as it recognizes the end character of every human being.
Realm of purposes: (...) "all maxims [should] by their own legislation come together to a possible realm of ends, as a realm of nature"(3).
1. Kant, Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten, 1785
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016