|Autonomy, philosophy: autonomy is the self-determinateness of a subject or a group of subjects in relation to options for action or possibilities of unfolding within a social environment. See also freedom, free will, subjects, society, actions, will, acts of will, reflection._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Definition Autonomy/P. Singer: the ability to make your own decisions and act accordingly. This includes being able to weigh alternatives.
Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism does not respect autonomy as a valid moral principle. For example, if an autonomous being has the will to live, it would still be a question for hedonistic utilitarianism whether this life might not be full of suffering. Preference Utilitarianism also needed to be weighed up whether other interests were against it._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015