|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Theory/justice/society/order/Rawls: our theory on the establishment of a new society comprises in the second part a non-ideal theory: it is elaborated,...
...after the ideal form of justice has been taken as the basis. Here, the parties first ask which principles should be chosen under less fortunate circumstances. The non-ideal theory has two subdivisions: a) concerns the principles that correct natural limitations and historical coincidences, b) concerns how to deal with injustice.
Principles: our principles are worked out in lexical order (sequence by sequence), which ensures that first of all it is determined which elements of the legal system are more urgent and that these are also applied to non-ideal cases. (See Principles/Rawls.)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005