|Interpretation: A) Making statements about other statements, whereby new vocabulary may be introduced. If no new vocabulary is introduced, new information can be obtained by changing the syntactic grouping.|
B) In logic, interpretation is the insertion of values (objects) instead of the constants or free variables.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
|Danto III 133
Interpretation/Nietzsche/Danto: According to Nietzsche, one manifestation of the will to power is to imprint thought forms on reality - and language is a mental form. Language, however, is a distorting entity, foreign to the person to whom it is imposed, even though it serves the purpose of organizing it for the speaker's purposes. The language interprets reality in the sense of "to work something out". And interpretation is an example of the will to power.
We are completely taken in by the view that something has to be responsible for what is going on; and we go astray.
Nietzsche: One must not ask: "who interprets then?" but the interpretation itself, as a form of the will to power has existence (but not as a 'being'). (F. Nietzsche Nachlass: Berlin, 1999, p. 487).
Danto: We must always bear in mind that Nietzsche is concerned with active processes or forces that have a certain degree of reality and from which (as he claims) it does not necessarily follow that there are entities that act or exert power.
Danto III 273
Interpretation/Art/Science/Religion/Philosophy/Power/Nietzsche/Danto: According to Nietzsche, we should recognize in everything that we are not strictly different from what we do. We are the will to power, it is the will that asserts our forces externally, and interpreting is a mode of imposing. Interpreting is then not something we do, but what we are: we live our philosophies, we do not just have them. (F. Nietzsche: Nachlass, Berlin 1999, p. 487.)
Danto: Interpretation must be understood in a broader sense as usual:
Interpretation/Nietzsche: In truth, interpretation is a means itself to become the master of something. (The organic process requires continual interpretation.) (ibid., p. 489).
Thinking/Categorys/Nietzsche: All our categories of thought - object, attribute, cause, effect, reality, appearance, etc. - represent interpretations that are to be understood "in the sense of a will to power" (ibid.).
((s) Cf. Nietzsche's influences on G. Abel's interpretation philosophy: G. Abel, Interpretationswelten. Gegenwartsphilosophie jenseits von Essentialismus und Relativitismus, Frankfurt, 1993 - H. Lenk Philosophie und Interpretation, Frankfurt 1993 - H. Lenk Interpretation und Realität, Frankfurt 1995)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009
Beyond Good and Evil 2014
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005