|Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
R. Descartes on Metaphysics - Dictionary of Arguments
Bubner I 136
Metaphysics/Descartes/Bubner: Descartes is regarded as the alleged discoverer of the principle of subjectivity as the beginning of modern philosophy. New grounding of metaphysics.
Meditation overcomes doubt, because it does not dogmatically withdraw from it.
Descartes demands that even mathematics is to be subjected to doubt.
The meditative twist may be due to the model of Augustine._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992