|Belief, philosophy: attitude of considering a sentence to be true. Unlike religious faith belief is linked to the assessment of probabilities. A belief is an attitude of a thinking person which can usually be formulated in a sentence, whereby the person must be able to integrate the sentence into a set of further sentences. A further condition is that the bearer of beliefs is able to reformulate the corresponding sentences and negate them, that is, to grasp their meaning. See also religious belief, propositional attitudes, intensions, probability, belief degrees, private language._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|I 50 ff
Belief: always a belief in the truth of what is believed. Therefore, the distinction betw the merely phenomenological recognition of rational thinking and recognition of its objective validity is incomprehensible. (see Scepticism/Nagel).
E.g. I cannot say "I believe that p", but this is merely a psychological fact that concerns me. As for the truth, I do not I commit myself.
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Def belief/Peirce: the statement that we believe is the one for which we are ready to act. Full of Faith is the willingness to act in vital crises according to the corresponding statement.
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Belief/world/reality/Nagel: beliefs are not simply more phenomena of the world.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982