|Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Problem for all rationalist and realist theories: if we cannot say that logic is ultimately rooted in our practices, while this becomes evident in the fact that we find conclusions in conflicts, namely in judgements about which we agree naturally. We cannot say that logic depends on such practices, because that would in turn violate these practices in which logic has the last word.
But it is it not true that the relevance of our practices shows in that this last word is the last word in our thoughts and argumentations. This is derived from:
Wittgenstein, solipsism: see there
Frank I 132 ~
Theory/Nagel: must be understandable without the ability to assume a particular position_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994