Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
III 78
Language/language-dependent/Searle: some things can be viewed independent of language: E.g. that the man crossed the line - but not that he makes 6 points with this - institutional facts are never language independent - e.g. there is no pre-verbal way to represent the pawn as king - (game) points are not "out there" like men and balls - Searle:> meaning in the head.
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III 79
Reasons only work because people accept them as reasons - language independent: are status functions: e.g. one can think that this is a screwdriver because one has seen many times that things are screwed with it - (s)Vs - QuineVsSearle? Network of our beliefs thoroughly language-dependent?
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III 82
Searle: language is necessary if the status changes without a change of the physical state of an object.
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Perler/Wild I 143
Language/Searle: Language is needed for: 1. Intentional states that deal with language - 2. that deal with facts, e.g. that this is a dollar note - 3. representation of spatially and temporally distant facts - 4. complex states - 5. formulations that contain descriptions, e.g. instead of "today it is warm" the date.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


> Counter arguments against Searle
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21