Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
III 78
Language/language-dependent/Searle: some things can be viewed independent of language: E.g. that the man crossed the line - but not that he makes 6 points with this - institutional facts are never language independent - e.g. there is no pre-verbal way to represent the pawn as king - (game) points are not "out there" like men and balls - Searle:> meaning in the head.
III 79
Reasons only work because people accept them as reasons - language independent: are status functions: e.g. one can think that this is a screwdriver because one has seen many times that things are screwed with it - (s)Vs - QuineVsSearle? Network of our beliefs thoroughly language-dependent?
III 82
Searle: language is necessary if the status changes without a change of the physical state of an object.
Perler/Wild I 143
Language/Searle: Language is needed for: 1. Intentional states that deal with language - 2. that deal with facts, e.g. that this is a dollar note - 3. representation of spatially and temporally distant facts - 4. complex states - 5. formulations that contain descriptions, e.g. instead of "today it is warm" the date.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983

> Counter arguments against Searle
> Counter arguments in relation to Language ...

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21