Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Avr I 75
Def possible language / Loar: abstract entity, which must still be based on a speaker -
EMD II 146
Language / Loar: Community based - therefore intensions are important -> quantification on the semantic content of sentences - problem: the p-position in the Tarski scheme only allows extensions - Loar thesis: the semantic properties of the sentence components are a function of the propositional attitudes of the speakers
EMD II 149
Language / Loar: maybe a function of sentences on sentence-like intentions (which in turn are functions of possible worlds on truth values) - Language is always relative to a community - not reducible to logical and syntactic terms - factual use is decisive, so psychological terms come into play.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Loar I
B. Loar
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981

EMD II
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-23