|Significance, philosophy: something is significate that makes a difference in regard to the truth or falsity of a judgment. When determining the significance, the question is whether a threshold value has been exceeded. See also relevance, truth values, judgment, statistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Cognitive Significance / Hempel: false: that two statements hae the same c.s., if they are verified by the same set of observation sentences - then two laws would always have the same c.s.: because they are of verified by no set - this is something quite different from the positivist criterion of meaning / Russell: two statements, whose verified consequences are the same, have the same significance - all authors VsHempel.
Cognitive Significance / Hempel: no individual statements, but systems - ultimately a matter of judgment - clarity, accuracy, forecast capacity, simplicity, degree of confirmation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Hempel Zur Wahrheitstheorie des logischen Positivismus aus Wahrheitsheorien Hrsg. Skirbekk Frankfurt/M 1996
II Hempel Probleme und Modifikationen des empiristischen Sinnkriteriums aus Sinnreich (Hg) Philosophie der idealen Sprache, München 1982
II (b) Hempel Der Begriff der kognitiven Signifikanz: eine erneute Betrachtung (1951) aus Sinnreich (Hg) Philosophie der idealen Sprache, München 1982