|Roles, philosophy: the expression role is usually used with an addition such as causal role, functional role, etc. It is signaled that a certain openness is required for a yet outstanding specification for a function within a system. In other words, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the object that performs the function. Linguistically, this is expressed by formulations like "Whatever plays the… role". An example from the philosophy of mind is the causal role of pain. See also functionalism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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constitutive role: 1st sortal, 2nd psych. state 3 ratio 1 to 2 - evidence: Sensitivity for them is dependend on terms developed for them - of two descriptions the c. r. is the uninformative one ((s) "analytical" - c. r.: "the person who has these perceptions" explains immunity to misidentification - c. r. of" now": "the time when this attitude (belief, idea, etc.) occurred "- instead of trivial identity "I am I ": c. r. "I am the person with these conditions"
constitutive role / I / Peacocke: brings just the difference to the trivial identity: "I am the person with these conditions" instead of "I am I"_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983