Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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I 106
Semantical Role/"say"/Lycan/Cresswell/(s): in idiosyncratic language ( "birds" means in L*, what "pigs" means in L) - Solution: The sentence with "pigs" plays in L* the same semantic role such as the sentence with "birds" in L. - Problem: one cannot isolate a class of sentences if this class is in any way relative to the language that is in question ((s) circular). - Say/Cresswell: becomes a three-digit relation between person, sentence and interpreted language. (Cresswell pro) - CresswellVsRelation theory.
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I 107f
Semantical Role/Conceptual Role/Lycan/Boer: E.g. Cicero/Tullius play the same semantic role but different conceptual roles. - E.g. Hb and Gc play the same sR, iff DEN(b) = DEN(c) and DEN(H) = DEN(G). - This is only relative to DEN - DEN: if H is a predicate, DEN H is the property (the denotated).

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27