|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
Books on Amazon
Reference / meaning: sensation / representational / Peacocke: Question: intrinsically spatial sense? not necessary, because it is about reference, not about meaning - E.g. Horn / Oboe reversed: not monaurally audible, but monocularly visible!
Guaranteed Reference / Peacocke: e.g. my paternal grandfather - e.g. "the oldest living person, or else I" - even a priori guaranteed. - E.g. hallucination: if I was hallucinating Dummett, this is still a thought about Dummett.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983