Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reduction, philosophy: reduction is the tracing back of a set of statements to another set of statements by rephrasing and replacing concepts of a subject domain by concepts from another subject domain. There must be conditions for the substitutability of a concept from the first domain by a concept from the second domain. An example of a reduction is the tracing back of mental concepts to physical concepts or to behavior. See also bridge laws, reductionism, translation, identity theory, materialism, physical/psychical, physicalism, eliminationism, functionalism, roles, indeterminacy.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 69
Properties/reductionism/Maturana: from epistemological reasons we can say: there are characteristics which are diverse and remain constant through interactions - as objects are generated by their defining interactions (characteristics), objects create with different characteristic classes independent interaction areas: each reductionism is excluded - reduction/(s): impossible if miscellaneous remains miscellaneous .
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I 98
Reductionism/reduction/Maturana: there is no mechanistic reduction - the impression arises from the fact that the description of the various phenomena occurs in apparently the same area, but the relation created by the observer gets lost - vitalistic explanation: necessary reductionist: it does not distinguish between the phenomenon area generated by the unit and the one generated by parts.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Mat I
U. Maturana
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-08-19