Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reduction, philosophy: reduction is the tracing back of a set of statements to another set of statements by rephrasing and replacing concepts of a subject domain by concepts from another subject domain. There must be conditions for the substitutability of a concept from the first domain by a concept from the second domain. An example of a reduction is the tracing back of mental concepts to physical concepts or to behavior. See also bridge laws, reductionism, translation, identity theory, materialism, physical/psychical, physicalism, eliminationism, functionalism, roles, indeterminacy.
 
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I 147
Reduction / Type / token / Psychology / Reductionism / Fodor: of course we can get evidence that neural events that would otherwise constitute a heterogeneous mass, do have a kind of properties in common. - Such correspondences can now found the token physicalism with same reasons as the type ph. -
FodorVsReductionism: However if this is true, the arguments that conclude from token ph. to the reductionism must be wrong. - FodorVs unified science: it s not about which of the natural kind predicates are coextensive with those of the n.k.p. of the single science, but which physical mechanism explains the events that the particular science states.

F/L
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29