|Law: law is an expression of the totality of social standards as binding norms in contrast to less binding rules and conventions. The law includes obligations as well as authorizations. In order to ensure equal treatment of the members of a society, the law is laid down in laws. See also laws, norms, values, society._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Deleuze I 35
Law/Hume: no natural principle - artificial rule - morality is integrated by a political agreement - VsHobbes: Vs Social Contract: false picture of society, only negative - positive: Lust as the driving force of all action - it s in my best interest to let the other his property, provided he does the same with me - ownership is the essential political phenomenon.
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Rawls I 184
Definition Law/observation/order/justice/Hume/Rawls: something, e. g. a social system, is fair, if an ideal impartial observer from outside would judge this from a general point of view,if he had all relevant information about the circumstances. (See Roderick Firth, "Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. 12,1952; F. C. Sharp, Good and Ill Wll, Chicago, 1950, pp. 156-162; D. Hume, Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford, 1888, esp. Bk III, pt. III, sec I, esp. Pp574-584 - More general discussion: C. D. Broad,"Some Reflections on Moral-Sense Theories in Ethics". Proceedings oft he he Aristotelian Society, vol. 45 (1944-45). W. K. Kneale "Objectivity in Morals", Philosophy, vol. 25 (1950).)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Was ist Philosophie? Frankfurt/M. 2000
David Hume , Frankfurt 1997
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005