Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reality, philosophy: A. It is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, facts, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation. B.Reality is an expression for the totality of what is opposed to the perception of subjects and not only imagined. In this sense, reality is what is independent of us; on the other hand, some authors regard their formability as proof of their existence. See also dependence, independence, possibility, necessity, actualism, realism, idealism, constructivism, present, simulation, aboutness, circularity, objects, things, order.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 119
Reality/Nagel: The mere recognition of a distinction between appearance and reality provides no way to discover the reality.
I 119
I am convinced that it is possible to understand the desire for order as a direct consequence of the idea of ​​an objective reality that is independent of specific observations and observers (realism).
I 130 ff
The attempt to interpret the orderly worldview as a projection of our mind fails due to the need to find a place for ourselves in the world. On the quest for our place in the world we have to apply the same kind of thinking.
But: there is no logical or necessary truth that the world is ordered or even that we can understand this order. NagelVsanthropic principle.
As it turns out, there is amazingly much within our reach.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N I
Th. Nagel
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

N II
Th. Nagel
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

N III
Th. Nagel
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-12-12