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Holism/Quine/Fodor/Lepore: Quine represents a meaning holism (MH) - but supposedly also a confirmation holism (CH) - which equals the Quine-Duhem thesis - (>Two Dogmas: phrases not individually before the Tribunal).
PragmatismVsRealism - QuineVsReductionism: verification conditions not analytically included in statements - CH/FL: does not have to be a pragmatist, can also be a realist - compatible with Quine-Duhem thesis (sentences not individually verifiable) - Confirmation not a linguistic matter, but the way the world is (Quine pro realism). - Quine: a priori equivalent to the semantic. - Quine pro verificationism: sentence meaning: method of verification. - QDT: highly consistent with realism - QDT: a) any statement can be maintained if appropriate auxiliary hypotheses are provided - b) the requirement that evidence must be a posteriori - QDT/Fodor/Lepore: can also be read: as a) QuineVsCarnap: Vs localism of confirmation - b) QuineVsCarnap: Vs localism of meaning.
Network/Quine/Fodor/Lepore: the only fixed nodes are the observational concepts.
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992