|Propositions, philosophy: propositions are defined as the meanings of sentences, whereby a sentence is interpreted as a character string, which must still be interpreted in relation to a situation or a speaker. E.g. “I am hungry” has a different meaning from the mouth of each new speaker. On the other hand, the sentence “I am hungry” from the mouth of the speaker, who first expressed the German sentence, has the same meaning as the German sentence uttered by him. See also meaning, propositional attitudes, identity conditions, opacity, utterances, sentences._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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False theory: the objects would be the meanings of sentences, that is, the propositions.
DavidsonVs: with that, it would be so arranged that, e.g. if a Frenchman attributed the same state of consciousness to Paul as I do, the same subject would be named by us both, while the proposition in question of the Frenchman would not be the same as mine.
It should not concern us that the Frenchman and I use different words, it is similar to ounces and carats.
This "relativism", however, contains nothing that could show that the properties measured with ounces or carats are not "real".
Dummett III 64
Meaning/Truth/Davidson: Thesis: Understanding the proposition before knowing that the proposition is true._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982