|Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility.|
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|Newen/Schrenk I 149
Strawson/Newen/Schrenk: pro descriptive metaphysics, VsRevisionists metaphysics - Definition descriptive metaphysics/Strawson: detects which ontology suggests our every day action and speaking. Definition revisionists metaphysics/StrawsonVsQuine: a physicalist ontology. This contradicts the everyday thinking.
StrawsonVsQuine: for Strawson it is only about the everyday language, not about the ontology of any language.
Person/Strawson: further fundamental element of our everyday ontology. They have physical and psychological characteristics and are neither reducible to the one nor to the other.
Strawson III 436f
Strawson: descriptive metaphysics: examines our conceptual scheme and terms such as space, time, identification, recognition, etc. - fundamental contrast: individual/general (Strawson pro individual) - particular basic position - Priority: particulars which are associated with sortals: sortal: universal with counting principle or distinction principle.
Conceptual scheme: concepts like space and time must be given, so that a coressponding experience is possible for us.
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981