|Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|III 127 ff
Metaphysicisit: E.g. Hegel: despite historical realization of the truth still approaching something fixed. III Introduction
Metaphysics: questions about the unchanging, possibly hidden things that underlie the phenomena. Typical: Socrates’ questions. ("Immanent nature"). (HeideggerVs). In this respect, coupled with common sense! He gives no redescription, but analyzes old descriptions with the help of other old descriptions. The metaphysicist calls everything else "relativistic". He assumes that our tradition cannot provide problems that it is unable to solve.
Metaphysics: thinks that there is a connection between redescription and power, and the right redescription could liberate us.
Metaphysics/Heidegger/Rorty: Heidegger thought he might escape metaphysics - (the idea of a single truth) - by understanding being and truth historically -
Metaphysics: wants to see our desire to be friendly supported by an argument that contains a self-description. It is supposed to throw a highlight on a thing common to all humans
Transcendence: the assumption that there is something with which we may not be connected. RortyVs: it does not exist! Our beliefs themselves are secular objects in constant causal interaction with others.
Rorty: the fact that we keep open whether we describe the world differently later has nothing to do with transcendence.
Transcendence/DavidsonVsKant/Rorty: not needed_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000