|Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor.|
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Rorty thesis: consider the history of language and thus of the arts, sciences and the history of morality as a metaphor is to abolish the image in which consciousness or language are always better suited for purposes that God or nature have imposed. Consciousness has just happened in evolution, it is not something that the whole process aimed at. ff
Metaphor/Davidson/Rorty: to have a meaning means to have a place in a language play - metaphors do not have one by definition! Metaphors interrupt a conversation - they do not transmit any message. Metaphors cannot be paraphrased -
Metaphors/Davidson: have no meaning. In other words, prior to their creation they have no place in the language play. However, afterwards they have an important task.
Metaphor/Rorty: the metaphor is an essential tool in the process of re-weaving our beliefs and desires. Without them there would be no such thing as scientific revolutions or a cultural change, but only a change in the truth values of statements, which are formulated in a non-changing vocabulary.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000