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Communication/Luhmann/GLU: - specific operation of social systems: 1) Communication, 2) Information 3) Understanding the difference between communication and information. - Communication is not the same as information, it only happens when information is understood - information is a selection between what is said and unsaid - Understanding is selection between communication and information.
Society/Communication/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: Special case: only society operates with communication - there is no communication outside of society. - Therefore, it is necessary closed. - This is the only system for which this is true - ((s) I.e. communication in the animal kingdom is precluded?) - Then no observer can take an outside standpoint.
AU Kass 13
Communication/Language/Karl Bühler/Luhmann: instead of "transmission model": - unity of three components 1) Information, what it is about - 2) Communication - 3) Understanding - already existed in antiquity. - LuhmannVsSpeech Act Theory: is the idea that this triad could be dismantled into acts. - Karl Bühler: all of them are only functions - ((s) Function/(s): Is not an act.)
AU Kass 13
Communication/LuhmannVsHabermas: communication does not serve the creation of consensus. - If that does not work, it is simply declared the norm and claimed "it was supposed to be like that." But we should not turn an impossibility into a standard.
SchelskyVsHabermas: Does communication stop when this goal is reached?
Solution/Luhmann: communication is not an act which would have to be brought under a standard - only communicating is action. - Communication is open when viewed without additions like truth. - We can also say "no" - On the other hand, we do not have the opportunity to start all over again - without any authority it is impossible. - "No" does not terminate communication - communication could only be terminated by misunderstanding. - Communication ensues when"yes" and "no" are not yet decided.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997