|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
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Causality / physics / theory / Vollmer: causality is not present in physical theories - neither cause nor causal principle nor necessity - Russell: function rather than causality - Carnap: totality of the premises a statement.
Causality / Vollmer: necessary condition: energy transfer.
But e.tr. is not a sufficient condition - E.g. energetic process, which is not called causal: thunder and lightning.
The cause must not provide the total energy: E.g. butterfly effect.
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988