|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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E.g. 2 black boxes/Dennett: e.g. two black boxes. If you press the button a on box A, a red light goes on on box B. If you press button b, a green light goes on. Apparently, the amber light never goes on. In the interior of B there is a super computer. You will find that each step formed a clear causal chain without any secrets.
What is puzzling, however, is that the computer always gives the same result, but does not pass through the same sequence of intermediate steps. The box checks the convictions of the other one. If they are the same: red, if not, green. Incomprehensible (e.g. manipulated message): amber.
Declaration of the designers: It is an "expert system with trivial information" ("world experience").
The builders of the boxes insist, however, that there is no prospect to explore the causal rules with which the whole story started without using semantic concepts (or related to the mind).> Cause> Dennett.
Reason/Darwin/causality/Dennett: Question: can there be reasons which are recognized without being recognised by a conscious mind? Answer: Yes! The selection is the "blind watchmaker." (Dawkins) who still finds forced drawstrings and other good tricks._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999